Incidence and correlates of breast milk feeding in hospitalized preterm infants

Kimberly Andrews Espy, Theresa E. Senn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The majority of epidemiological studies of breast feeding have been conducted in healthy, fullterm infant samples. Little is known about the incidence and correlates of breast milk feeding in preterm infants, particularly in those born outside of metropolitan areas. Therefore, hospital medical charts of 151 consecutively admitted preterm infants (≤34 weeks gestational age), in the US, were reviewed and daily feeding, maternal demographic, pregnancy, and infant medical condition information was recorded. About half of the preterm infant sample was fed breast milk, receiving at least one breast milk feeding per day for 44% of their hospital stay. Although maternal demographic variables were important predictors of breast milk feeding, perinatal medical condition of the infant played a unique role in feeding practices in preterm infants. Specific interventions could be targeted to families with preterm infants to modestly increase population breast feeding rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1421-1428
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume57
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Human Milk
Breast Feeding
Premature Infants
infant
incidence
Incidence
Mothers
Demography
Gestational Age
Epidemiologic Studies
Length of Stay
breast milk
Milk
Correlates
Pregnancy
pregnancy
metropolitan area
agglomeration area
Population

Keywords

  • Breast feeding
  • Incidence
  • Preterm infant
  • USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Incidence and correlates of breast milk feeding in hospitalized preterm infants. / Espy, Kimberly Andrews; Senn, Theresa E.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 57, No. 8, 10.2003, p. 1421-1428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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