Incidence and correlates of physical violence among HIV-infected women at risk for pregnancy in the southeastern United States.

Richard L. Sowell, Kenneth D. Phillips, Brenda Seals, Carolyn L Murdaugh, Charles Rush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify the incidence and correlates of physical and sexual violence among HIV-infected women at risk for pregnancy, a cross-sectional examination was conducted within a longitudinal study of reproductive decision making. Participants consisted of 275 HIV-infected women 17 to 49 years of age (mean = 30.1 years). Women were predominantly African American (87%) and single (82%), with annual incomes of $10,000 or less (66%). Overall, 68% of the women reported experiencing lifetime physical and/or sexual violence. Before becoming HIV infected, 65% of the women reported having been physically or sexually abused. After HIV diagnosis, 33% of the women reported experiencing physical or sexual abuse. Women reporting greater violence were more likely to disclose their HIV-seropositive status to their sex partner. Using logistic regression, greater intent to get pregnant (odds ratio [OR] = 0.933), decreased present life satisfaction (OR = 1.048), having three or more children (OR = 0.474), and history of drug use (OR = 0.794) significantly distinguished between women who reported physical and/or sexual violence and those who did not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-58
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume13
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Southeastern United States
HIV
Pregnancy
Incidence
Sex Offenses
Odds Ratio
Physical Abuse
Violence
African Americans
Longitudinal Studies
Decision Making
Logistic Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Incidence and correlates of physical violence among HIV-infected women at risk for pregnancy in the southeastern United States. / Sowell, Richard L.; Phillips, Kenneth D.; Seals, Brenda; Murdaugh, Carolyn L; Rush, Charles.

In: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, Vol. 13, No. 2, 03.2002, p. 46-58.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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