Incidence and correlates of physical violence among HIV-infected women at risk for pregnancy in the southeastern United States

Richard L. Sowell, Kenneth D. Phillips, Brenda Seals, Carolyn Murdaugh, Charles Rush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

To identify the incidence and correlates of physical and sexual violence among HIV-infected women at risk for pregnancy, a cross-sectional examination was conducted within a longitudinal study of reproductive decision making. Participants consisted of 275 HIV-infected women 17 to 49 years of age (mean = 30.1 years). Women were predominantly African American (87%) and single (82%), with annual incomes of $10,000 or less (66%). Overall, 68% of the women reported experiencing lifetime physical and/or sexual violence. Before becoming HIV infected, 65% of the women reported having been physically or sexually abused. After HIV diagnosis, 33% of the women reported experiencing physical or sexual abuse. Women reporting greater violence were more likely to disclose their HIV-seropositive status to their sex partner. Using logistic regression, greater intent to get pregnant (odds ratio [OR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-58
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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