Incitements to discourse: Illicit drugs, harm reduction, and the production of ethnographic subjects

Nancy D. Campbell, Susan J Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This essay traces a brief genealogy of state-funded drug ethnography and its relationship to public health projects such as HIV prevention. Ethnographic research on drug use was a critical part of making invisible practices visible in ways that rendered them amenable to intervention. The essay goes on to describe how harm-reduction norms were promulgated through the bottom-up tactics of health-oriented social movements, and simultaneously administered through an institutionalized and even standardized set of beliefs issuing from the highest reaches of the public health apparatus. Harm reduction is a pragmatic movement to change the personal practices of drug users through "modest interventions" aimed at reducing the risk of HIV transmission though contaminated injection equipment. The essay draws on ethnographic research with injection drug users to discuss how drug researchers represent the social norms associated with harm reduction. We demonstrate how injection drug users take on the language and ethical stances of those who study them, in an effort to construct themselves as ethical subjects. The construction and elaboration of a harm-reduction model in and through grassroots mobilization and public health research is an example of the governance of populations through epidemiological constructions of risk transformed into ethical-behavioral injunctions. Their work has changed the nature of ethnographic encounters between drug researchers and injection drug users (IDUs), who are subject to the incitement to discourse constructed by harm-reduction norms and practices as they participate in ethnographic research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)688-717
Number of pages30
JournalCultural Anthropology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

drug
discourse
public health
Social Norms
Drugs
Discourse
Harm
Ethnographic
genealogy
Social Movements
tactics
ethnography
drug use
mobilization
pragmatics
governance
language
health
Ethnographic Research
Public Health

Keywords

  • Drug research
  • Ethnography
  • Governmentality
  • Harm reduction
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology

Cite this

Incitements to discourse : Illicit drugs, harm reduction, and the production of ethnographic subjects. / Campbell, Nancy D.; Shaw, Susan J.

In: Cultural Anthropology, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2008, p. 688-717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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