Incorporating sustainability as a primary design fundamental in residential architecture

A case study analysis of a single-family residence

R. J. Michal, Nader V Chalfoun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

As recorded in the earliest existing written work of architecture, The Ten Books on Architecture written by Vitruvius in 27 BC, one of the primary goals of architecture has been to strike the balance between "Firmness, Commodity and Delight" or structural integrity, functional efficiency, and aesthetic beauty. While the terms "sustainability" and "sustainable architecture" were not coined until the late twentieth century, Vitruvius' treatise did incorporate the underlying concepts of sustainability: resource efficiency, human thermal comfort and recognition of regional environmental factors, under the category of commodity. Beginning in the late nineteenth century however, with technological advances in materials and the introduction of modern mechanical systems, these underlying sustainable concepts appeared to have been forgotten and commodity was reduced to a focus primarily on spatial relationships. These changes in design values have come at a cost. This is evidenced first by the ever-increasing dependency of modern forms on fossil fuel driven mechanical systems to create and maintain optimal human thermal comfort. This is also evidenced by the decreasing presence of uniquely regional architectural forms. The ubiquitous use of homogenous universal or "placeless" architectural forms such as interchangeable residential housing tracts and retail strip malls represent the pursuit of brand recognition and economies of scale offered by universal standardization at the expense of regional and climatically appropriate architectural design. The purpose of this paper is to critically review and analyze the impacts on architectural form, function and appearance of a case study residence located in the extreme arid climate of the Sonoran desert in the Southwest United States, in which the concept of sustainability was incorporated as one of the primary design fundamentals. The case study residence is an approximately 2,000 square foot home built for a family of five with four bedrooms and two bathrooms and a separate attached guest bedroom and bath. This paper will provide an overview and analysis of the case study residence in terms of: 1) the original project values and goals as represented by the design and computer energy modeling process and 2) the project results as captured by the qualities (structural and aesthetic) of the final constructed physical form and its post-occupancy performance (functional, spatial and resource conservation).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
Pages229-237
Number of pages9
Volume102
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Event3rd International Conference on Sustainable Development and Planning, Sustainable Development III, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2007, SDP07 - Algarve, Portugal
Duration: Apr 25 2007Apr 27 2007

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Sustainable Development and Planning, Sustainable Development III, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2007, SDP07
CountryPortugal
CityAlgarve
Period4/25/074/27/07

Fingerprint

sustainability
commodity
esthetics
architectural design
economy of scale
standardization
nineteenth century
twentieth century
fossil fuel
environmental factor
desert
analysis
family
climate
resource
cost
modeling
energy
project
resource conservation

Keywords

  • Energy efficient
  • Passive solar
  • Regional
  • Sustainability
  • Thermal comfort
  • Thermal mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Incorporating sustainability as a primary design fundamental in residential architecture : A case study analysis of a single-family residence. / Michal, R. J.; Chalfoun, Nader V.

WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment. Vol. 102 2007. p. 229-237.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Michal, RJ & Chalfoun, NV 2007, Incorporating sustainability as a primary design fundamental in residential architecture: A case study analysis of a single-family residence. in WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment. vol. 102, pp. 229-237, 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Development and Planning, Sustainable Development III, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2007, SDP07, Algarve, Portugal, 4/25/07. https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP070221
@inproceedings{2d2fabb4042a4f4e8fcc6c63298034dc,
title = "Incorporating sustainability as a primary design fundamental in residential architecture: A case study analysis of a single-family residence",
abstract = "As recorded in the earliest existing written work of architecture, The Ten Books on Architecture written by Vitruvius in 27 BC, one of the primary goals of architecture has been to strike the balance between {"}Firmness, Commodity and Delight{"} or structural integrity, functional efficiency, and aesthetic beauty. While the terms {"}sustainability{"} and {"}sustainable architecture{"} were not coined until the late twentieth century, Vitruvius' treatise did incorporate the underlying concepts of sustainability: resource efficiency, human thermal comfort and recognition of regional environmental factors, under the category of commodity. Beginning in the late nineteenth century however, with technological advances in materials and the introduction of modern mechanical systems, these underlying sustainable concepts appeared to have been forgotten and commodity was reduced to a focus primarily on spatial relationships. These changes in design values have come at a cost. This is evidenced first by the ever-increasing dependency of modern forms on fossil fuel driven mechanical systems to create and maintain optimal human thermal comfort. This is also evidenced by the decreasing presence of uniquely regional architectural forms. The ubiquitous use of homogenous universal or {"}placeless{"} architectural forms such as interchangeable residential housing tracts and retail strip malls represent the pursuit of brand recognition and economies of scale offered by universal standardization at the expense of regional and climatically appropriate architectural design. The purpose of this paper is to critically review and analyze the impacts on architectural form, function and appearance of a case study residence located in the extreme arid climate of the Sonoran desert in the Southwest United States, in which the concept of sustainability was incorporated as one of the primary design fundamentals. The case study residence is an approximately 2,000 square foot home built for a family of five with four bedrooms and two bathrooms and a separate attached guest bedroom and bath. This paper will provide an overview and analysis of the case study residence in terms of: 1) the original project values and goals as represented by the design and computer energy modeling process and 2) the project results as captured by the qualities (structural and aesthetic) of the final constructed physical form and its post-occupancy performance (functional, spatial and resource conservation).",
keywords = "Energy efficient, Passive solar, Regional, Sustainability, Thermal comfort, Thermal mass",
author = "Michal, {R. J.} and Chalfoun, {Nader V}",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.2495/SDP070221",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "1845641035",
volume = "102",
pages = "229--237",
booktitle = "WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Incorporating sustainability as a primary design fundamental in residential architecture

T2 - A case study analysis of a single-family residence

AU - Michal, R. J.

AU - Chalfoun, Nader V

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - As recorded in the earliest existing written work of architecture, The Ten Books on Architecture written by Vitruvius in 27 BC, one of the primary goals of architecture has been to strike the balance between "Firmness, Commodity and Delight" or structural integrity, functional efficiency, and aesthetic beauty. While the terms "sustainability" and "sustainable architecture" were not coined until the late twentieth century, Vitruvius' treatise did incorporate the underlying concepts of sustainability: resource efficiency, human thermal comfort and recognition of regional environmental factors, under the category of commodity. Beginning in the late nineteenth century however, with technological advances in materials and the introduction of modern mechanical systems, these underlying sustainable concepts appeared to have been forgotten and commodity was reduced to a focus primarily on spatial relationships. These changes in design values have come at a cost. This is evidenced first by the ever-increasing dependency of modern forms on fossil fuel driven mechanical systems to create and maintain optimal human thermal comfort. This is also evidenced by the decreasing presence of uniquely regional architectural forms. The ubiquitous use of homogenous universal or "placeless" architectural forms such as interchangeable residential housing tracts and retail strip malls represent the pursuit of brand recognition and economies of scale offered by universal standardization at the expense of regional and climatically appropriate architectural design. The purpose of this paper is to critically review and analyze the impacts on architectural form, function and appearance of a case study residence located in the extreme arid climate of the Sonoran desert in the Southwest United States, in which the concept of sustainability was incorporated as one of the primary design fundamentals. The case study residence is an approximately 2,000 square foot home built for a family of five with four bedrooms and two bathrooms and a separate attached guest bedroom and bath. This paper will provide an overview and analysis of the case study residence in terms of: 1) the original project values and goals as represented by the design and computer energy modeling process and 2) the project results as captured by the qualities (structural and aesthetic) of the final constructed physical form and its post-occupancy performance (functional, spatial and resource conservation).

AB - As recorded in the earliest existing written work of architecture, The Ten Books on Architecture written by Vitruvius in 27 BC, one of the primary goals of architecture has been to strike the balance between "Firmness, Commodity and Delight" or structural integrity, functional efficiency, and aesthetic beauty. While the terms "sustainability" and "sustainable architecture" were not coined until the late twentieth century, Vitruvius' treatise did incorporate the underlying concepts of sustainability: resource efficiency, human thermal comfort and recognition of regional environmental factors, under the category of commodity. Beginning in the late nineteenth century however, with technological advances in materials and the introduction of modern mechanical systems, these underlying sustainable concepts appeared to have been forgotten and commodity was reduced to a focus primarily on spatial relationships. These changes in design values have come at a cost. This is evidenced first by the ever-increasing dependency of modern forms on fossil fuel driven mechanical systems to create and maintain optimal human thermal comfort. This is also evidenced by the decreasing presence of uniquely regional architectural forms. The ubiquitous use of homogenous universal or "placeless" architectural forms such as interchangeable residential housing tracts and retail strip malls represent the pursuit of brand recognition and economies of scale offered by universal standardization at the expense of regional and climatically appropriate architectural design. The purpose of this paper is to critically review and analyze the impacts on architectural form, function and appearance of a case study residence located in the extreme arid climate of the Sonoran desert in the Southwest United States, in which the concept of sustainability was incorporated as one of the primary design fundamentals. The case study residence is an approximately 2,000 square foot home built for a family of five with four bedrooms and two bathrooms and a separate attached guest bedroom and bath. This paper will provide an overview and analysis of the case study residence in terms of: 1) the original project values and goals as represented by the design and computer energy modeling process and 2) the project results as captured by the qualities (structural and aesthetic) of the final constructed physical form and its post-occupancy performance (functional, spatial and resource conservation).

KW - Energy efficient

KW - Passive solar

KW - Regional

KW - Sustainability

KW - Thermal comfort

KW - Thermal mass

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36249017331&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=36249017331&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2495/SDP070221

DO - 10.2495/SDP070221

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 1845641035

SN - 9781845641030

VL - 102

SP - 229

EP - 237

BT - WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment

ER -