The effects of liposome formulations of interleukin 2 (IL-2) and local route were studied in C57BL/6 mice with MCA-106 sarcoma pulmonary metastases. IL-2 liposomes made by hydration of powdered dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine with aqueous recombinant IL-2 had 95% of the IL-2 associated with the lipid fraction. When mice with pulmonary micro-metastases were treated once daily with free cytokine on days 5, 6, and 7 after tumor inoculation, the intrathoracic route was superior to the i.p. or s.c. routes. When IL-2 liposomes were administered by the local intrathoracic route, significantly better antitumor effects (P < 0.01) were seen compared to empty liposomes or free IL-2 as determined by (a) increased survival and (b) reduced numbers of pulmonary metastases. Minimal toxicity was observed. Results indicate that local route and incorporation of IL-2 in liposomes may enhance therapeutic efficacy and facilitate more practical daily dosing regimens.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Mar 15 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research