Increased risk of death associated with hypotension is not altered by the presence of brain injury in pediatric trauma patients

Mark A. Gunst, Jason L. Sperry, Vafa Ghaemmaghami, Richard F. Gunst, Randall S. Friese, Heidi L. Frankel, Larry M. Gentilello, Shahid Shafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hypotension is a well-known predictor of mortality in pediatric trauma patients. However, it is unknown whether the mortality rate is higher in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) than in those without TBI. We hypothesized that systemic hypotension increases mortality in pediatric patients with TBI more than it does in pediatric patients with extracranial injuries only. Methods: Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between hypotension and the risk of death. Patients were then divided into 2 groups: TBI and No-TBI and the model was applied separately to each group. Results: Overall mortality was 2%. After adjusting for confounding variables, hypotension remained a strong independent predictor of mortality. However, the increased risk of death was similar in patients with and without TBI. Conclusion: Hypotension is an important predictor of death in pediatric trauma patients. The increased risk of death associated with hypotension is similar with or without traumatic brain injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)741-745
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume194
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hypotension
  • Mortality
  • Pediatric
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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