Indian Hedgehog mediates gastrin-induced proliferation in stomach of adult mice

Rui Feng, Eitaro Aihara, Susan Kenny, Li Yang, Jing Li, Andrea Varro, Marshall H. Montrose, Noah F. Shroyer, Timothy C. Wang, Ramesh A. Shivdasani, Yana Zavros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Background & Aims Loss of expression of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) from parietal cells results in hypergastrinemia in mice, accompanied by increased expression of Indian Hedgehog (Ihh) and hyperproliferation of surface mucous cells. We investigated whether hypergastrinemia induces gastric epithelial proliferation by activating Ihh signaling in mice. Methods We studied mice with parietal cell-specific deletion of Shh (PC-ShhKO) and hypergastrinemia, crossed with gastrin-deficient (GKO) mice (PC-Shh KO/GKO). When mice were 3-4 months old, gastric tissues were collected and analyzed by histology, for incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine, and for expression of the surface mucous cell marker Ulex europaeus. PC-Shh KO/GKO mice were given gastrin infusions for 7 days; gastric surface epithelium was collected and expression of Ihh was quantified by laser capture microdissection followed by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Mouse stomach-derived organoids were incubated with or without inhibitors of WNT (DKK1) or Smoothened (vismodegib) and then cocultured with immortalized stomach mesenchymal cells, to assess proliferative responses to gastrin. Results Gastric tissues from PC-ShhKO/GKO mice with hypergastrinemia had an expanded surface pit epithelium, indicated by a significant increase in numbers of bromodeoxyuridine- and Ulex europaeus-positive cells, but there was no evidence for hyperproliferation. Gastrin infusion of PC PC-ShhKO/GKO mice increased expression of Ihh and proliferation within the surface epithelium compared with mice given infusions of saline. In gastric organoids cocultured with immortalized stomach mesenchymal cells, antagonists of WNT and Smoothened inhibited gastrin-induced proliferation and WNT activity. Activity of WNT in media collected from immortalized stomach mesenchymal cells correlated with increased expression of glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1, and was inhibited by DKK1 or vismodegib. Conclusions Ihh signaling mediates gastrin-induced proliferation of epithelial cells in stomachs of adult mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-666.e9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Development
  • Gastric Epithelium
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tissue Regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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