Tobacco smoke condensates (TSC) were tested for DNA repair inhibition in both repair proficient and different classes of repair deficient strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. TSC was also tested for induction and potentiation of mutations and mitotic gene conversion in unirradiated and uv-irradiated yeast cells. TSC was found to sensitize all the strains of yeast to uv-inactivation indicating that it acts in a nonspecific manner and does not specifically inhibit a particular repair pathway. Genetic studies showed that TSC, without exogenous metabolic activation, failed to produce mutations while it induced mitotic gene conversion in the diploid strain. At specific concentrations, TSC potentiated both mutagenic and gene convertogenic effects uv-light while at higher concentrations of TSC a reduction of mutations was observed. The results are discussed as they relate to carcinogenesis and cocarcinogenesis/tumor promotion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)