Induction of germ-line and mature Cε transcripts in human B cells stimulated with rIL-4 and EBV

H. H. Jabara, L. C. Schneider, S. K. Shapira, C. Alfieri, C. T. Moody, E. Kieff, R. S. Geha, D. Vercelli

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Abstract

EBV and rIL-4 induce T cell-independent IgE production by normal human B cells. We demonstrate here that EBV and IL-4 induced the synthesis of IgE by surface IgE-negative B cell precursors isolated by cell sorting. This result suggests that the induction of IgE by EBV and IL-4 results not merely from the expansion of a precommitted surface IgE-positive B cell population but more likely from IL-4-directed switching to IgE. At the molecular level, IL-4 and EBV induced the appearance of 2.0- and of 1.8-kilobase (kb) RNA bands, both of which hybridized with an o.88-kb HinfI fragment spanning part of the Cε1 exon and the entire Cε2 exon. The 1.8-kb band but not the 2.0-kb band also hybridized with a cloned genomic 0.7-kb SmaI fragment located ~2 kb upstream of Cε. Thus, EBV and IL-4 induced germ-line (1.8-kb) as well as mature (2.0-kb) Cε transcripts. IL-4 by itself induced germ-line Cε transcripts but not mature Cε transcripts in purified normal B cells. IL-4 failed to induce IgE synthesis in established EBV B cell lines and failed to induce 2.0-kb mature Cε transcripts but induced 1.8-kb germ-line Cε transcripts. These data show that IL-4 is sufficient for the induction of Cε germ-line transcription. In contrast, the transcription of mature ε mRNA requires an additional activating signal, provided by infection with EBV. Established EBV transformation results in a dissociation between germ-line Cε transcription and the ability to undergo IgE switching in response to IL-4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3468-3473
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume145
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Jabara, H. H., Schneider, L. C., Shapira, S. K., Alfieri, C., Moody, C. T., Kieff, E., Geha, R. S., & Vercelli, D. (1990). Induction of germ-line and mature Cε transcripts in human B cells stimulated with rIL-4 and EBV. Journal of Immunology, 145(10), 3468-3473.