Infant cortical electrophysiology and perception of vowel contrasts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) were obtained for vowel tokens presented in an oddball stimulus paradigm. Perceptual measures of vowel discrimination were obtained using a visually-reinforced head-turn paradigm. The hypothesis was that CAEP latencies and amplitudes would differ as a function of vowel type and be correlated with perceptual performance. Twenty normally hearing infants aged 4-12. months were evaluated. CAEP component amplitudes and latencies were measured in response to the standard, frequent token /a/ and for infrequent, deviant tokens /i/, /o/ and /u/, presented at rates of 1 and 2. tokens/s. The perceptual task required infants to make a behavioral response for trials that contained two different vowel tokens, and ignore those in which the tokens were the same. CAEP amplitudes were larger in response to the deviant tokens, when compared to the control condition in which /a/ served as both standard and deviant. This was also seen in waveforms derived by subtracting the response to standard /a/ from the responses to deviant tokens. CAEP component latencies in derived responses at 2/s also demonstrated some sensitivity to vowel contrast type. The average hit rate for the perceptual task was 68.5%, with a 25.7% false alarm rate. There were modest correlations of CAEP amplitudes and latencies with perceptual performance. The CAEP amplitude differences for vowel contrasts could be used as an indicator of the underlying neural capacity to encode spectro-temporal differences in vowel sounds. This technique holds promise for translation to clinical methods for evaluating speech perception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume95
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

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Auditory Evoked Potentials
Electrophysiology
Speech Perception
Hearing
Head

Keywords

  • Auditory evoked potential
  • Infant
  • Speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Infant cortical electrophysiology and perception of vowel contrasts. / Cone-Wesson, Barbara K.

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 95, No. 2, 01.02.2015, p. 65-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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