Pre-shared entanglement can significantly boost communication rates in the regime of high thermal noise, and a low-brightness transmitter. In this regime, the ratio between the entanglement-assisted capacity and the Holevo capacity, the maximum reliable-communication rate permitted by quantum mechanics without any pre-shared entanglement as a resource, is known to scale as log(1/NS), where NS <<1 is the mean transmitted photon number per mode. This is especially promising in enabling a large boost to radio-frequency communications in the weak-transmit-power regime, by exploiting pre-shared optical-frequency entanglement, e.g., distributed by the quantum internet. In this paper, we propose a structured design of a quantum transmitter and receiver that leverages continuous-variable pre-shared entanglement from a downconversion source, which can harness this purported infinite-fold capacity enhancement—a problem open for over a decade. Finally, the implication of this result to the breaking of the well-known square-root law for covert communications, with pre-shared entanglement assistance, is discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jan 12 2020|
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