Influence of natal experience on nest-site selection by urban-nesting Cooper's hawks

Robert W Mannan, R. Nicholas Mannan, Cecilia A. Schmidt, Wendy A. Estes-Zumpf, Clint W. Boal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposure to environmental features early in life potentially can influence the kinds of places animals select to live later in life. We examined whether there is evidence that Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) hatched in an urban environment choose sites with features similar to their natal areas when they nest for the first time. The features we examined were the nest tree species and the level of development surrounding the nest tree. We banded nestling and fledgling Cooper's hawks in Tucson, Arizona, USA, from 1994 to 2004. We then monitored nests in Tucson to identify hawks that had been hatched in the city and eventually secured a breeding site. Percent cover of buildings around first breeding nests was not related to percent cover of buildings around natal nests for either sex. There was some evidence that being hatched in a particular tree species influenced choice of tree species at first breeding sites for males, but the influence was weak. In contrast, tree species in which first-time breeders built their nests, and the sites where the trees were located relative to development, were proportional to what was available in the Tucson metropolitan area. Our data suggest that natal experience played a limited role in nest-site selection by Cooper's hawks in Tucson for the features we examined. If learning occurred, it could have been for the general structure of natal sites. Thus, any small grove of large trees planted in Tucson could be used as a nest site by Cooper's hawks regardless of the level of development surrounding the nest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-68
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Wildlife Management
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Fingerprint

hawks
nest site
site selection
nesting sites
nest
nests
breeding site
breeding sites
Accipiter
groves
nestling
metropolitan area
learning
breeding
gender
animal

Keywords

  • Accipiter cooperii
  • Cooper's hawks
  • Habitat imprinting
  • Natal experience
  • Natal habitat preference induction
  • Nest-site selection
  • Urban environments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology

Cite this

Influence of natal experience on nest-site selection by urban-nesting Cooper's hawks. / Mannan, Robert W; Mannan, R. Nicholas; Schmidt, Cecilia A.; Estes-Zumpf, Wendy A.; Boal, Clint W.

In: Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 71, No. 1, 02.2007, p. 64-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mannan, Robert W ; Mannan, R. Nicholas ; Schmidt, Cecilia A. ; Estes-Zumpf, Wendy A. ; Boal, Clint W. / Influence of natal experience on nest-site selection by urban-nesting Cooper's hawks. In: Journal of Wildlife Management. 2007 ; Vol. 71, No. 1. pp. 64-68.
@article{316c71901a5744a4a6fd601355937a52,
title = "Influence of natal experience on nest-site selection by urban-nesting Cooper's hawks",
abstract = "Exposure to environmental features early in life potentially can influence the kinds of places animals select to live later in life. We examined whether there is evidence that Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) hatched in an urban environment choose sites with features similar to their natal areas when they nest for the first time. The features we examined were the nest tree species and the level of development surrounding the nest tree. We banded nestling and fledgling Cooper's hawks in Tucson, Arizona, USA, from 1994 to 2004. We then monitored nests in Tucson to identify hawks that had been hatched in the city and eventually secured a breeding site. Percent cover of buildings around first breeding nests was not related to percent cover of buildings around natal nests for either sex. There was some evidence that being hatched in a particular tree species influenced choice of tree species at first breeding sites for males, but the influence was weak. In contrast, tree species in which first-time breeders built their nests, and the sites where the trees were located relative to development, were proportional to what was available in the Tucson metropolitan area. Our data suggest that natal experience played a limited role in nest-site selection by Cooper's hawks in Tucson for the features we examined. If learning occurred, it could have been for the general structure of natal sites. Thus, any small grove of large trees planted in Tucson could be used as a nest site by Cooper's hawks regardless of the level of development surrounding the nest.",
keywords = "Accipiter cooperii, Cooper's hawks, Habitat imprinting, Natal experience, Natal habitat preference induction, Nest-site selection, Urban environments",
author = "Mannan, {Robert W} and Mannan, {R. Nicholas} and Schmidt, {Cecilia A.} and Estes-Zumpf, {Wendy A.} and Boal, {Clint W.}",
year = "2007",
month = "2",
doi = "10.2193/2005-654",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "71",
pages = "64--68",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Management",
issn = "0022-541X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of natal experience on nest-site selection by urban-nesting Cooper's hawks

AU - Mannan, Robert W

AU - Mannan, R. Nicholas

AU - Schmidt, Cecilia A.

AU - Estes-Zumpf, Wendy A.

AU - Boal, Clint W.

PY - 2007/2

Y1 - 2007/2

N2 - Exposure to environmental features early in life potentially can influence the kinds of places animals select to live later in life. We examined whether there is evidence that Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) hatched in an urban environment choose sites with features similar to their natal areas when they nest for the first time. The features we examined were the nest tree species and the level of development surrounding the nest tree. We banded nestling and fledgling Cooper's hawks in Tucson, Arizona, USA, from 1994 to 2004. We then monitored nests in Tucson to identify hawks that had been hatched in the city and eventually secured a breeding site. Percent cover of buildings around first breeding nests was not related to percent cover of buildings around natal nests for either sex. There was some evidence that being hatched in a particular tree species influenced choice of tree species at first breeding sites for males, but the influence was weak. In contrast, tree species in which first-time breeders built their nests, and the sites where the trees were located relative to development, were proportional to what was available in the Tucson metropolitan area. Our data suggest that natal experience played a limited role in nest-site selection by Cooper's hawks in Tucson for the features we examined. If learning occurred, it could have been for the general structure of natal sites. Thus, any small grove of large trees planted in Tucson could be used as a nest site by Cooper's hawks regardless of the level of development surrounding the nest.

AB - Exposure to environmental features early in life potentially can influence the kinds of places animals select to live later in life. We examined whether there is evidence that Cooper's hawks (Accipiter cooperii) hatched in an urban environment choose sites with features similar to their natal areas when they nest for the first time. The features we examined were the nest tree species and the level of development surrounding the nest tree. We banded nestling and fledgling Cooper's hawks in Tucson, Arizona, USA, from 1994 to 2004. We then monitored nests in Tucson to identify hawks that had been hatched in the city and eventually secured a breeding site. Percent cover of buildings around first breeding nests was not related to percent cover of buildings around natal nests for either sex. There was some evidence that being hatched in a particular tree species influenced choice of tree species at first breeding sites for males, but the influence was weak. In contrast, tree species in which first-time breeders built their nests, and the sites where the trees were located relative to development, were proportional to what was available in the Tucson metropolitan area. Our data suggest that natal experience played a limited role in nest-site selection by Cooper's hawks in Tucson for the features we examined. If learning occurred, it could have been for the general structure of natal sites. Thus, any small grove of large trees planted in Tucson could be used as a nest site by Cooper's hawks regardless of the level of development surrounding the nest.

KW - Accipiter cooperii

KW - Cooper's hawks

KW - Habitat imprinting

KW - Natal experience

KW - Natal habitat preference induction

KW - Nest-site selection

KW - Urban environments

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34248210038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34248210038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2193/2005-654

DO - 10.2193/2005-654

M3 - Article

VL - 71

SP - 64

EP - 68

JO - Journal of Wildlife Management

JF - Journal of Wildlife Management

SN - 0022-541X

IS - 1

ER -