Influence of the intercalate species on the quasi-static electrochromic behavior of tungsten-oxide-based devices

M. Denesuk, Donald R Uhlmann

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Abstract

The influence of the intercalate species on the quasi-static electrochromic behavior of tungsten-oxide-based devices is investigated. Two different electrolytes are used in the devices: an aqueous sulfuric acid solution, from which it is assumed that intercalation of hydrogen occurs; and a solution of lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate, from which it is assumed that intercalation of lithium occurs. Experiments are performed in which a step-current of small magnitude is imposed through the device, and the corresponding time-dependence of the electrical potential and optical transmission are measured simultaneously. The behavior of the optical efficiency is relatively insensitive to the nature of the intercalate species, but the device potential is appreciably more sensitive to lithium intercalation than to hydrogen intercalation. The disparity in electrical behavior is likely due to increased strain effects and/or a diminished availability of sites associated with the larger lithium intercalate. It is shown that the electrical and optical behavior of the two types of devices may be related by a single linear scaling relation, indicating that the fundamental processes involved in the operation of the devices are similar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-355
Number of pages21
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000

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Intercalation
Tungsten
Lithium
Oxides
Hydrogen
Light transmission
Sulfuric acid
Electrolytes
Propylene
Carbonates
Availability
tungsten oxide
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "The influence of the intercalate species on the quasi-static electrochromic behavior of tungsten-oxide-based devices is investigated. Two different electrolytes are used in the devices: an aqueous sulfuric acid solution, from which it is assumed that intercalation of hydrogen occurs; and a solution of lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate, from which it is assumed that intercalation of lithium occurs. Experiments are performed in which a step-current of small magnitude is imposed through the device, and the corresponding time-dependence of the electrical potential and optical transmission are measured simultaneously. The behavior of the optical efficiency is relatively insensitive to the nature of the intercalate species, but the device potential is appreciably more sensitive to lithium intercalation than to hydrogen intercalation. The disparity in electrical behavior is likely due to increased strain effects and/or a diminished availability of sites associated with the larger lithium intercalate. It is shown that the electrical and optical behavior of the two types of devices may be related by a single linear scaling relation, indicating that the fundamental processes involved in the operation of the devices are similar.",
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N2 - The influence of the intercalate species on the quasi-static electrochromic behavior of tungsten-oxide-based devices is investigated. Two different electrolytes are used in the devices: an aqueous sulfuric acid solution, from which it is assumed that intercalation of hydrogen occurs; and a solution of lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate, from which it is assumed that intercalation of lithium occurs. Experiments are performed in which a step-current of small magnitude is imposed through the device, and the corresponding time-dependence of the electrical potential and optical transmission are measured simultaneously. The behavior of the optical efficiency is relatively insensitive to the nature of the intercalate species, but the device potential is appreciably more sensitive to lithium intercalation than to hydrogen intercalation. The disparity in electrical behavior is likely due to increased strain effects and/or a diminished availability of sites associated with the larger lithium intercalate. It is shown that the electrical and optical behavior of the two types of devices may be related by a single linear scaling relation, indicating that the fundamental processes involved in the operation of the devices are similar.

AB - The influence of the intercalate species on the quasi-static electrochromic behavior of tungsten-oxide-based devices is investigated. Two different electrolytes are used in the devices: an aqueous sulfuric acid solution, from which it is assumed that intercalation of hydrogen occurs; and a solution of lithium perchlorate in propylene carbonate, from which it is assumed that intercalation of lithium occurs. Experiments are performed in which a step-current of small magnitude is imposed through the device, and the corresponding time-dependence of the electrical potential and optical transmission are measured simultaneously. The behavior of the optical efficiency is relatively insensitive to the nature of the intercalate species, but the device potential is appreciably more sensitive to lithium intercalation than to hydrogen intercalation. The disparity in electrical behavior is likely due to increased strain effects and/or a diminished availability of sites associated with the larger lithium intercalate. It is shown that the electrical and optical behavior of the two types of devices may be related by a single linear scaling relation, indicating that the fundamental processes involved in the operation of the devices are similar.

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