Influence off organic cosolvents on the sorption kinetics off hydrophobic organic chemicals

Mark L Brusseau, A. Lynn Wood, P. Suresh C Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

A quantitative examination of the kinetics of Sorption of Hydrophobic organic chemicals by soils from mixed solvents reveals that the reverse sorption rate constant (k2) increases log-linearly with increasing volume fraction of organic cosolvent (fc). This relationship was expected, based on the existence of a log-log inverse relationship between k2 and the equilibrium sorption constant (Kp), and a log-linear inverse relationship between Kp and fc. These results are interpreted in terms of a conceptual model wherein sorption kinetics is controlled by diffusion of sorbate within the matrix of sorbent organic matter. Decreased polarity of the mixed solvent, caused by the addition of a cosolvent, appears to influence the conformation of the polymeric organic matter and, hence, the rate of sorbate diffusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-910
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume25
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1991

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this