Influences of chemical sympathectomy, demedullation, and hindlimb suspension on the V̇O2max of rats

C. R. Woodman, C. S. Stump, L. A. Sebastian, C. M. Tipton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Results from previous studies have shown that the reduction in maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) with simulated microgravity is attenuated in chemically sympathectomized rats. To determine the contributions of the catecholamines from the adrenal medulla in this process, investigations were conducted with 65 saline injected (SAL) and chemically sympathectomized (SX) female rats that were either surgically demedullated (DM), or intact (IN). Microgravity conditions were simulated by head-down suspension (HDS) while controls were assigned to individual cages (CC). The experimental period was 14 d. The rats were tested for V̇O2max, treadmill run time (RT), and submaximal mechanical efficiency (ME) prior to suspension and on days 7 and 14. Saline injected rats that had intact adrenal medullas (SAL-IN) exhibited significantly reduced measures of V̇O2max after 7 and 14 d by 15% and 21%, respectively. No significant reduction in V̇O2max was observed with HDS in the SX-IN animals. Sympathectomized rats that were demedullated (SX-DM) also exhibited a significant reduction in V̇O2max (12%). In addition, HDS was associated with a marked and significant reduction in RT in all groups. ME for submaximal exercise was significantly reduced after HDS in SAL-IN rats but not in the SX-IN rats. SX-DM rats experienced significant reductions in ME similar in magnitude to the SAL-IN rats. These results confirm that chemical sympathectomy attenuates the expected decrease in V̇O2max with HDS and suggests that circulating epinephrine contributes to this response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalAviation Space and Environmental Medicine
Volume63
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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