Infrared Doppler instrument for the Subaru telescope (IRD)

M. Tamura, H. Suto, J. Nishikawa, T. Kotani, B. Sato, W. Aoki, T. Usuda, T. Kurokawa, K. Kashiwagi, S. Nishiyama, Y. Ikeda, D. Hall, K. Hodapp, J. Hashimoto, J. Morino, S. Inoue, Y. Mizuno, Y. Washizaki, Y. Tanaka, S. SuzukiJ. Kwon, T. Suenaga, D. Oh, N. Narita, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, H. Izumiura, E. Kambe, T. Kudo, N. Kusakabe, M. Ikoma, Y. Hori, M. Omiya, H. Genda, A. Fukui, Y. Fujii, Olivier Guyon, H. Harakawa, M. Hayashi, M. Hidai, T. Hirano, M. Kuzuhara, M. Machida, T. Matsuo, T. Nagata, Y. Ohnuki, M. Ogihara, S. Oshino, R. Suzuki, H. Takami, N. Takato, Y. Takahashi, C. Tachinami, H. Terada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

36 Scopus citations


IRD is the near-infrared high-precision radial velocity instrument for the Subaru 8.2-m telescope. It is a relatively compact (~1m size) spectrometer with a new echelle-grating and Volume-Phase Holographic gratings covering 1-2 micron wavelengths combined with an original frequency comb using optical pulse synthesizer. The spectrometer will employ a 4096x4096-pixel HgCdTe array under testing at IfA, University of Hawaii. Both the telescope/Adaptive Optics and comb beams are fed to the spectrometer via optical fibers, while the instrument is placed at the Nasmyth platform of the Subaru telescope. Expected accuracy of the Doppler-shifted velocity measurements is about 1 m s-1. Helped with the large collecting area and high image quality of the Subaru telescope, IRD can conduct systematic radial velocity surveys of nearby middle-to-late M stars aiming for down to one Earth-mass planet. Systematic observational and theoretical studies of M stars and their planets for the IRD science are also ongoing. We will report the design and preliminary development progresses of the whole and each component of IRD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: Jul 1 2012Jul 6 2012


OtherGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV



  • Adaptive optics
  • Echelle grating
  • Extrasolar planet
  • Frequency comb
  • Infrared
  • Spectrometer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Tamura, M., Suto, H., Nishikawa, J., Kotani, T., Sato, B., Aoki, W., ... Terada, H. (2012). Infrared Doppler instrument for the Subaru telescope (IRD). In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 8446). [84461T]