Inhibition of associates and activation of synonyms in the rare-word paradigm: Further evidence for a center-surround mechanism

Terrence M. Barnhardt, Elizabeth L. Glisky, Michael R. Polster, Laurie Elam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two experiments investigated semantic priming effects in a modified version of the Dagenbach, Carr, and Barnhardt (1990) rare word paradigm. After learning a list of rare words to a criterion of 50% recall, subjects participated in a lexical decision task in which the rare words served as primes. When the targets were associatively related to the primes, lexical decision responses were facilitated following recalled definitions and inhibited following unrecalled definitions. When the targets were synonyms of the rare, words, facilitation occurred following both recalled and unrecalled definitions. The results were interpreted as supporting a center-surround model of attentional retrieval that may serve an adaptive role in new learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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