Inhibition of associates and activation of synonyms in the rare-word paradigm: Further evidence for a center-surround mechanism

Terrence M. Barnhardt, Elizabeth L Glisky, Michael R. Polster, Laurie Elam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two experiments investigated semantic priming effects in a modified version of the Dagenbach, Carr, and Barnhardt (1990) rare-word paradigm. After learning a list of rare words to a criterion of 50% recall, subjects participated in a lexical decision task in which the rare words served as primes. When the targets were associatively related to the primes, lexical decision responses were facilitated following recalled definitions and inhibited following unrecalled definitions. When the targets were synonyms of the rare words, facilitation occurred following both recalled and unrecalled definitions. The results were interpreted as supporting a center-surround model of attentional retrieval that may serve an adaptive role in new learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996

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Learning
Semantics
Inhibition (Psychology)
Associates
Activation
Synonyms
Paradigm
Facilitation
Semantic Priming
Experiment
Lexical Decision Task
Lexical Decision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Inhibition of associates and activation of synonyms in the rare-word paradigm : Further evidence for a center-surround mechanism. / Barnhardt, Terrence M.; Glisky, Elizabeth L; Polster, Michael R.; Elam, Laurie.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.1996, p. 60-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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