Bryostatin 1 is a natural antineoplastic agent that activates protein kinase C. Treatment of U937 human leukemic cells with bryostatin 1 caused a 60% reduction in cell growth, whereas another protein kinase C activator, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), completely inhibited U937 cell growth. Both bryostatin 1 and PMA induced inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (cdk2) activity. The first phase of cdk2 inhibition correlated with the transient induction of p21, a known inhibitor of cdk2. In contrast, the second phase of cdk2 inhibition correlated with the dephosphorylation of cdk2 on threonine-160, which must be phosphorylated for cdk2 activity. The level of growth inhibition induced by these two compounds correlated with the degree of cdk2 dephosphorylation as follows: bryostatin 1, 60%; PMA, 100%.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research