Inhibition of pain responses by activation of CB2 cannabinoid receptors

T. Philip Malan, Mohab M. Ibrahim, Todd W. Vanderah, Alexandros Makriyannis, Frank Porreca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cannabinoid receptor agonists diminish responses to painful stimuli. Extensive evidence demonstrates that CB1 cannabinoid receptor activation inhibits pain responses. Recently, the synthesis of CB2 cannabinoid receptor-selective agonists has allowed testing whether CB2 receptor activation inhibits pain. CB2 receptor activation is sufficient to inhibit acute nociception, inflammatory hyperalgesia, and the allodynia and hyperalgesia produced in a neuropathic pain model. Studies using site-specific administration of agonist and antagonist have suggested that CB2 receptor agonists inhibit pain responses by acting at peripheral sites. CB2 receptor activation also inhibits edema and plasma extravasation produced by inflammation. CB2 receptor-selective agonists do not produce central nervous system (CNS) effects typical of cannabinoids retaining agonist activity at the CB1 receptor. Peripheral antinociception without CNS effects is consistent with the peripheral distribution of CB2 receptors. CB2 receptor agonists may have promise for the treatment of pain and inflammation without CNS side effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry and Physics of Lipids
Volume121
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2002

Keywords

  • Allodynia
  • CB
  • Cannabinoid
  • Hyperalgesia
  • Inflammation
  • Neuropathic
  • Pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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