Initial development of a brief measure of psychological distress1

Gary R. Elkins, William I. Fisher, Aimee K. Johnson, Cassie Kendrick, Lauren Koep, Jennifer Bunn, Michelle M Perfect

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper addresses the preliminary development, construct validity, and psychometric properties of a brief self-report measure of psychological distress. 40 items were originally generated by doctoral level psychologists for use in the preliminary clinical sample. Inpatients from a psychiatric unit (N = 125) completed the items, and a principal-components analysis with a direct oblimin rotation was used to evaluate construct validity. The study indicated a four-factor solution, using the constructs of Depression, Hopelessness, Anxiety, and Anger, with good estimates of reliability. After evaluation of factor structure, item analyses, and reliability estimates, a redacted 19-item scale was identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-226
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Reports
Volume110
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

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Psychology
Anger
Principal Component Analysis
Psychometrics
Self Report
Psychiatry
Inpatients
Anxiety
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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Elkins, G. R., Fisher, W. I., Johnson, A. K., Kendrick, C., Koep, L., Bunn, J., & Perfect, M. M. (2012). Initial development of a brief measure of psychological distress1. Psychological Reports, 110(1), 218-226. https://doi.org/10.2466/02.PR0.110.1.218-226

Initial development of a brief measure of psychological distress1. / Elkins, Gary R.; Fisher, William I.; Johnson, Aimee K.; Kendrick, Cassie; Koep, Lauren; Bunn, Jennifer; Perfect, Michelle M.

In: Psychological Reports, Vol. 110, No. 1, 02.2012, p. 218-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Elkins, GR, Fisher, WI, Johnson, AK, Kendrick, C, Koep, L, Bunn, J & Perfect, MM 2012, 'Initial development of a brief measure of psychological distress1', Psychological Reports, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 218-226. https://doi.org/10.2466/02.PR0.110.1.218-226
Elkins GR, Fisher WI, Johnson AK, Kendrick C, Koep L, Bunn J et al. Initial development of a brief measure of psychological distress1. Psychological Reports. 2012 Feb;110(1):218-226. https://doi.org/10.2466/02.PR0.110.1.218-226
Elkins, Gary R. ; Fisher, William I. ; Johnson, Aimee K. ; Kendrick, Cassie ; Koep, Lauren ; Bunn, Jennifer ; Perfect, Michelle M. / Initial development of a brief measure of psychological distress1. In: Psychological Reports. 2012 ; Vol. 110, No. 1. pp. 218-226.
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