Injectable oxygenation therapeutics: evaluating the oxygen delivery efficacy of artificial oxygen carriers and kosmotropes in vitro

Meghna S. Jayaraman, Kaitlin Graham, Evan C. Unger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to utilise an existing in vitro setup to quantify the oxygen offloading capabilities of two different subsets of injectable oxygenation therapeutics: (1) artificial oxygen carriers (AOCs), which bind or dissolve oxygen and act as transport vectors, and (2) kosmotropes, which increase water hydrogen bonding and thereby decrease the resistance to oxygen movement caused by the blood plasma. Dodecafluoropentane emulsion (DDFPe) was chosen to represent the AOC subset while trans sodium crocetinate (TSC) was selected to represent the kosmotrope subset. PEG-Telomer-B (PTB), the surfactant utilised to encapsulate DDFP in emulsion form, was also tested to determine whether it affected the oxygen transport ability of DDFPe. The in vitro set-up was used to simulate a semi closed-loop circulatory system, in which oxygen could be delivered from the lungs to hypoxic tissues. Results of this study showed that (1) 0.5 ml of a PFC outperformed 6.25 ml of a kosmotrope in a controlled, in vitro setting and (2) that PTB and sucrose do not contribute to the overall oxygen transportation efficacy of DDFPe. These results could be therapeutically beneficial to ongoing and future pre-clinical and clinical studies involving various oxygenation agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalArtificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Dodecafluoropentane
  • in vitro model
  • oxygen therapeutic
  • perfluorocarbon
  • pre-oxygenation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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