Innovation in greenhouse engineering

Gene A Giacomelli, N. Castilla, E. Van Henten, D. Mears, S. Sase

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Innovations in greenhouse engineering are technical developments which help evolve the state-of-the-art in CEA (Controlled Environment Agriculture). They occur in response to the operational demands on the system, and to strategic changes in expectations of the production system. Influential operational factors include availability of labor, cost for energy, logistics of transport, etc. Influential strategic factors result from broader, regional issues such as environmental impact, product safety and consistency, and consumer demand. These are industry-wide concerns that have the effect of changing the production system in the long term. Global issues are becoming more influential on greenhouse production sustainability, and include less tangible issues such as social acceptance, political stability, quality of life benefits, and environmental stewardship. These offer much more complex challenges and are generally beyond the realm of engineering. However global issues do affect greenhouse engineering innovation. The most effective innovations in greenhouse engineering design, operations and management, will incorporate input from partnerships with the academic, private and public sectors of society. Furthermore, successful applications include, at least to some degree a multi-disciplinary approach of the sciences, engineering and economics, while for ultimate success and sustainability, societal and political support must also be attained. For this overview of innovation in greenhouse engineering a list of influential factors, or "driving forces" affecting the development, application, evolution and acceptance of greenhouse systems have been described. The factors are similar for all greenhouse systems around the world, as they include the plant biology of the crop, the physical components of the structure and production system hardware, the management and logistics of labor and materials, and the mechanism of marketing the crop. Each greenhouse system, wherever located, must resolve similar problems for its specific application. The magnitude of the factors and their relative local importance are different for the specific sites. The design response will be introduced and related to the factors, as examples of innovation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
Pages75-88
Number of pages14
Volume801 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventInternational Symposium on High Technology for Greenhouse System Management Greensys 2007 - Naples, Italy
Duration: Oct 4 2007Oct 6 2007

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume801 PART 1
ISSN (Print)05677572

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on High Technology for Greenhouse System Management Greensys 2007
CountryItaly
CityNaples
Period10/4/0710/6/07

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Keywords

  • Controlled environment plant production systems
  • Multi-disciplinary design
  • Operational planning
  • Protected cultivation
  • Strategic planning
  • Sustainable design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Giacomelli, G. A., Castilla, N., Van Henten, E., Mears, D., & Sase, S. (2008). Innovation in greenhouse engineering. In Acta Horticulturae (Vol. 801 PART 1, pp. 75-88). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 801 PART 1).