Inorganic arsenic as a developmental toxicant: In utero exposure and alterations in the developing rat lungs

Jay S. Petrick, Francoise M. Blachere, Ornella Selmin, Robert Clark Lantz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, we characterize the toxic effects of in utero arsenic exposure on the developing lung. We hypothesize that in utero exposure to inorganic arsenic through maternal drinking water causes altered gene and protein expression in the developing lung, indicative of downstream molecular and functional changes. From conception to embryonic day 18, we exposed pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats to 500 ppb arsenic (as arsenite) via the drinking water. Subtracted cDNA libraries comparing control to arsenic exposed embryonic lungs were generated. In addition, a broad Western blot analysis was performed to identify altered protein expression. A total of 59 genes and 34 proteins were identified as being altered. Pathway mapping and analysis showed that cell motility was the process most affected. The most likely affected pathway was alteration in integrin signaling through the b-catenin pathway, altering c-myc. The present study shows that arsenic induces alterations in the developing lung. These data may be useful in the elucidation of molecular targets and biomarkers of arsenic exposure during lung development and may aid in understanding the etiology of arsenic induced adult respiratory disease and lung cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-591
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Lung development
  • Microarray
  • Protein array

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science

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