Instrument Calibrations and Data Analysis Procedures for the NEAR X-Ray Spectrometer

R. Starr, P. E. Clark, M. E. Murphy, S. R. Floyd, T. P. McClanahan, L. R. Nittler, J. I. Trombka, L. G. Evans, W. V. Boynton, S. H. Bailey, J. Bhangoo, I. Mikheeva, J. Brückner, S. W. Squyres, E. M. McCartney, J. O. Goldsten, R. L. McNutt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The X-Ray spectrometer onboard the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous spacecraft will measure X-rays from the surface of 433 Eros in the energy region 0.7-10 keV. Detection of characteristic Kα line emissions from Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, and Fe will allow the determination of surface abundances of these geologically important elements. Spatial resolution as fine as 3 km will be possible for those elements where counting statistics are not a limiting factor. These measurements will make it possible to relate Eros to known classes of meteorites and reveal geological processes that occurred on Eros. The calibration measurements and analysis procedures presented here are necessary for the reduction and analysis of the X-ray data to be collected during one year of orbital operations at Eros.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-519
Number of pages22
JournalIcarus
Volume147
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Asteroids
  • Instrumentation
  • NEAR
  • X-rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Starr, R., Clark, P. E., Murphy, M. E., Floyd, S. R., McClanahan, T. P., Nittler, L. R., Trombka, J. I., Evans, L. G., Boynton, W. V., Bailey, S. H., Bhangoo, J., Mikheeva, I., Brückner, J., Squyres, S. W., McCartney, E. M., Goldsten, J. O., & McNutt, R. L. (2000). Instrument Calibrations and Data Analysis Procedures for the NEAR X-Ray Spectrometer. Icarus, 147(2), 498-519. https://doi.org/10.1006/icar.2000.6453