Insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) vasodilates, increases blood flow and lowers blood pressure; nitric oxide (NO) has been suggested to mediate some of these effects. We studied the role of IGF-1 in the regulation of NO production in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). IGF-1 induced a concentration and time-dependent increase in NO release from endothelium-denuded aortic rings. Pre-incubation with cycloheximide or aminoguanidine blocked IGF-1-stimulated NO release. In addition, a six-fold increase in NO production by VSMC was seen upon incubation with IGF-1. These results suggest that IGF-1 induces NO release in VSMC through a process that involves new protein synthesis and the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase.
- Nitric oxide
- Vascular smooth muscle cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)