Integrating experimental and gradient methods in ecological climate change research

Jennifer A. Dunne, Scott Saleska, Marc L. Fischer, John Harte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

175 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Field-based research on the responses of ecosystems to anthropogenic climate change has primarily used either natural gradient or experimental methods. Taken separately, each approach faces methodological, spatial, and temporal limitations that potentially constrain the generality of results and predictions. Integration of the two approaches within a single study can overcome some of those limitations and provide ways to distinguish among consistent, dynamic, and context-dependent ecosystem responses to global warming. A simple conceptual model and two case studies that focus on climate change impacts on flowering phenology and carbon cycling in a subalpine meadow ecosystem illustrate the utility of this type of integration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)904-916
Number of pages13
JournalEcology
Volume85
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

climate change
ecosystem response
ecosystems
ecosystem
phenology
meadow
flowering
global warming
meadows
carbon
prediction
methodology
case studies
method

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Ecosystem-warming experiment
  • Gradient analysis
  • Integrative research
  • Methodology
  • Plant flowering phenology
  • Soil carbon cycling
  • Spatial and temporal scale
  • Subalpine meadow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

Dunne, J. A., Saleska, S., Fischer, M. L., & Harte, J. (2004). Integrating experimental and gradient methods in ecological climate change research. Ecology, 85(4), 904-916.

Integrating experimental and gradient methods in ecological climate change research. / Dunne, Jennifer A.; Saleska, Scott; Fischer, Marc L.; Harte, John.

In: Ecology, Vol. 85, No. 4, 04.2004, p. 904-916.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dunne, JA, Saleska, S, Fischer, ML & Harte, J 2004, 'Integrating experimental and gradient methods in ecological climate change research', Ecology, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 904-916.
Dunne, Jennifer A. ; Saleska, Scott ; Fischer, Marc L. ; Harte, John. / Integrating experimental and gradient methods in ecological climate change research. In: Ecology. 2004 ; Vol. 85, No. 4. pp. 904-916.
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