Progress toward integrating wildlife conservation and timber production in Australian forests is examined. In recent years there have been significant accomplishments in research dealing with this topic but efforts should also focus on the application of general ecological principles rather than waiting for results of specific research. Guidelines for immediate implementation of wildlife conservation in managed forests are provided in the form of a checklist of questions for forest managers. The questions are concerned with the long-term existence, size and arrangement of communities of indigenous vegetation; the potential for modifying silvicultural practices in the interests of wildlife without foregoing timber production; and the need to focus efforts on species of special ecological and social significance.
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