Integrin- and cadherin-mediated induction of the matrix metalloprotease matrilysin in cocultures of malignant oral squamous cell carcinoma cells and dermal fibroblasts

Elisabeth L. Bair, Chad P. Massey, Nhan L. Tran, Alexander H. Borchers, Ronald L. Heimark, Anne E. Cress, G. Tim Bowden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Matrilysin is a matrix metalloprotease (MMP) overexpressed in a number of cancers including skin, head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, and prostate and colon adenocarcinomas. Matrilysin has been shown to play a role in the degradation of the basement membrane that separates epithelium from stroma allowing tumor cells to intravasate into the bloodstream and metastasize. Here, we show that an oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC-25) expresses low levels of promatrilysin when cultured alone. However, when SCC-25 cells are cocultured with human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF), there is a 40-fold induction of promatrilysin expression. We tested whether this induction of promatrilysin expression was due to the release of paracrine factors, cell-cell interactions, or cell-matrix interactions. Our results indicate induced promatrilysin expression is the result of both cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. We demonstrate that β1 integrins as well as cadherins, specifically N-cadherin and E-cadherin, are involved in the induction of promatrilysin expression. Our results are of general interest in relation to the regulation of MMP expression through cell surface receptor regulation. Further investigation may lead to the identification of novel targets for suppression of invasion and metastasis in oral tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-267
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume270
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2001

Keywords

  • MMP-7
  • Matrilysin
  • Matrix metalloprotease
  • SCC-25
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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