Inter-basin transfer of Nepal's water resources for sustainable benefits

B. Adhikari, R. Verhoeven, P. Troch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This article suggests that the east-west transfer of water from larger rivers in Nepal by tunnelling through the last hill in three places is an appropriate alternative to high dams. Dams are unsuitable for a highly earthquake prone area, such as Nepal, and they cannot cope with ever increasing sediment loads of the Himalayan Rivers. Nepal must maximize irrigation in its Terai using the Himalayan river water for maintaining food security in the country. India is moving forward towards large-scale plans to transfer water from the eastern to western rivers, for which Nepal's foot hill can serve as the best place to transfer solely from the gravity. This study suggests storing water in local reservoirs and groundwater aquifer in the Ganges plain, which would secure dry season irrigation, as well as increase Ganges River flows to benefit Bangladesh. The solution has no fixed life span like dams, and hence deserves potentials to serve for unlimited time in a sustainable manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWater and Urban Development Paradigms
Subtitle of host publicationTowards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches - Proceedings of the International Urban Water Conference
Pages647-653
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Urban Water Conference - Heverlee, Belgium
Duration: Sep 15 2008Sep 19 2008

Publication series

NameWater and Urban Development Paradigms: Towards an Integration of Engineering, Design and Management Approaches - Proceedings of the International Urban Water Conference

Other

OtherInternational Urban Water Conference
CountryBelgium
CityHeverlee
Period9/15/089/19/08

Keywords

  • East-west transfer
  • Groundwater aquifer
  • High dams
  • Local reservoirs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Urban Studies

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