Interannual to multidecadal climate forcings on groundwater resources of the U.S. West Coast

Elzie M. Velasco, Jason J. Gurdak, Jesse E. Dickinson, Paul A Ferre, Claudia R. Corona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study region: The U.S. West Coast, including the Pacific Northwest and California Coastal Basins aquifer systems. Study focus: Groundwater response to interannual to multidecadal climate variability has important implications for security within the water-energy-food nexus. Here we use Singular Spectrum Analysis to quantify the teleconnections between AMO, PDO, ENSO, and PNA and precipitation and groundwater level fluctuations. The computer program DAMP was used to provide insight on the influence of soil texture, depth to water, and mean and period of a surface infiltration flux on the damping of climate signals in the vadose zone. New hydrological insights for the region: We find that PDO, ENSO, and PNA have significant influence on precipitation and groundwater fluctuations across a north-south gradient of the West Coast, but the lower frequency climate modes (PDO) have a greater influence on hydrologic patterns than higher frequency climate modes (ENSO and PNA). Low frequency signals tend to be preserved better in groundwater fluctuations than high frequency signals, which is a function of the degree of damping of surface variable fluxes related to soil texture, depth to water, mean and period of the infiltration flux. The teleconnection patterns that exist in surface hydrologic processes are not necessarily the same as those preserved in subsurface processes, which are affected by damping of some climate variability signals within infiltrating water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hydrology: Regional Studies
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Climate variability
  • Groundwater
  • Recharge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology

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