Intercalation of molecular species into the interstitial sites of fullerene

Roger A. Assink, James E. Schirber, Douglas A. Loy, Bruno Morosin, Gary A. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

Molecular species were found to diffuse readily into the octahedral interstitial sites of the fcc lattice of C60. The 13C NMR spectrum of c60 under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions consisted of a primary resonance at 143.7 ppm and a minor peak shifted 0.7 ppm downfield. The downfield shift obeys Curie’s law and is attributed to the Fermi-contact interaction between paramagnetic oxygen molecules and all 60 carbon atoms of rapidly rotating adjacent C60 molecules. Exposure of C60 to 1 kbar oxygen for 1.75 h at room temperature resulted in a spectrum of seven evenly spaced resonances corresponding to the filling of 0 to 6 of the adjacent octahedral interstitial sites with oxygen molecules. The distribution of site occupancies about a C60 molecule provided evidence that the intercalation process is controlled by diffusion kinetics. Exposure to 0.14 kbar hydrogen gas at room temperature for 16 h filled a substantial fraction of the interstitial sites of C60 and C70 with hydrogen molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2136-2143
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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