Interfacial electronic structure of vanadyl naphthalocyanine on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite

Michael L. Blumenfeld, Mary P. Steele, Nahid Ilyas, Oliver L A Monti Masel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a core and valence region spectroscopic analysis of the interfacial electronic structure of thin films of vanadyl naphthalocyanine (VONc) deposited onto highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates the predominantly ionic character of the vanadyl metal center coordinated by the heterocycle and affords the bandgap in the thin VONc films. Valence band photoelectron spectroscopy points to the existence of three different adsorption geometries of VONc on the HOPG surface. The distribution of the different geometries can be systematically influenced in a simple post-deposition processing step, with an immediate effect on the interfacial electronic environment. We find spectroscopic evidence in the valence levels that VONc grows on HOPG most likely in a 2D-gas fashion rather than by nucleation and growth of islands. These data allow us to predict accurately the interface dipole in the case of a broad class of dipolar organic semiconductors, based simply on molecular dipole moment, polarizability and molecular diameter. This ability provides an important step towards rational optimization of energy level alignment in organic electronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1649-1657
Number of pages9
JournalSurface Science
Volume604
Issue number19-20
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Vanadates
Graphite
pyrolytic graphite
Electronic structure
electronic structure
valence
photoelectron spectroscopy
Thin films
Semiconducting organic compounds
Spectroscopic analysis
Geometry
Dipole moment
spectroscopic analysis
organic semiconductors
Photoelectron spectroscopy
thin films
geometry
Valence bands
electronics
Electron energy levels

Keywords

  • Charge injection
  • Energy level alignment
  • Interfacial electronic structure
  • Organic semiconductor
  • Photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Interfacial electronic structure of vanadyl naphthalocyanine on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite. / Blumenfeld, Michael L.; Steele, Mary P.; Ilyas, Nahid; Monti Masel, Oliver L A.

In: Surface Science, Vol. 604, No. 19-20, 09.2010, p. 1649-1657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blumenfeld, Michael L. ; Steele, Mary P. ; Ilyas, Nahid ; Monti Masel, Oliver L A. / Interfacial electronic structure of vanadyl naphthalocyanine on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite. In: Surface Science. 2010 ; Vol. 604, No. 19-20. pp. 1649-1657.
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