The commitment of myogenically determined cells to terminal differentiation can be modulated by a variety of agents, including growth factors and activated oncogenes. We have examined the effect of interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) on the terminal differentiation of a normal myogenically determined cell line and two myogenically determined, differentiation competent cell lines which contain either one or six copies of the activated c-Ha-ras oncogene. Treatment of all cell lines with IL-1 alpha decreased but did not totally inhibit terminal myogenic differentiation. Over the range of IL-1 alpha concentrations assayed (1-40 ng/ml), the c-Ha-ras transformed cell lines demonstrated a significantly greater sensitivity to the inhibitory effects of IL-1 alpha. The inhibition of differentiation was not the result of enhanced proliferation. Interestingly, transformation with activated c-Ha-ras resulted in a decrease in IL-1 alpha receptor number and affinity. The enhanced IL-1 alpha responsiveness of the ras transformants was not the result of increased proliferation or changes in either ras gene expression or protein kinase C activity. IL-1 alpha treatment decreased the steady-state levels of both MyoD1 and myogenin transcripts in the c-Ha-ras transformed but not the normal myogenic cell line. Further studies are required to determine the mechanism(s) responsible for the increased sensitivity of the c-Ha-ras transformed cultures to the inhibitory effects of IL-1 alpha.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Apr 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology