Nineteen patients with unresectable and metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas and ampulla of Vater were treated with intermittent regional infusion of the celiac axis (CAI) with the combination of 5-fluorouracil, adriamycin, mitomycin-C, and streptozotocin (FAM-S). Three schedules with escalating doses were investigated. The arterial infusion was repeated at 4 weeks, and in responding and stable patients, I.V. FAM-S was continued at monthly intervals. Twelve patients had measurable disease, and in this group one complete response and seven partial responses occurred. Median duration of response was 6+ months and median survival for all patients was 5.2 months. Four patients had catheter-related complications (emboli, three, sepsis, one). Hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicity was minimal. Celiac artery infusion with FAM-S in locally extensive and metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas and ampulla of Vater is a relatively simple procedure associated with low incidence of serious complications and toxicity but a higher response rate than previously reported. Induction of response with CAI and subsequent maintenance therapy with intravenous chemotherapy is under investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research