International collaboration in health promotion and disease management: Implications of U.S. health promotion efforts on Japan's health care system

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations


For more than 25 years, health promotion and disease management interventions have been conducted by large employers in the United States. Today there are more than 100 studies of such multifactorial, comprehensive interventions that all demonstrate positive clinical outcomes. For those interventions that have also been evaluated for return on investment, all but one have demonstrated cost-effectiveness. This article is an evidence-based overview of the clinical and cost outcomes research to elaborate on the insights gained from this research in the areas of implementation and evaluation of such programs; integration of health promotion and disease management programs into conventional, occupational medicine; accessing difficult to reach populations, such as mobile workers, retirees, and/or dependents; areas of potential conflict of interest and privacy/confidentiality issues; health consequences of downsizing and job strain; and, finally, recommendations for improved integration and evaluation of such programs for both clinical and cost outcomes. With medical costs rapidly escalating again on a global scale, these interventions with evidence of both clinical and cost outcomes can provide the foundation to improve the health, performance, and productivity of both individuals and their corporations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-229
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Issue number3 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005



  • Cost and/or Outcomes
  • Disease Management
  • Health Promotion
  • Prevention Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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