CD8 engagement is believed to be a critical event in the activation of naive T cells. In this communication, we address the effects of peptide-MHC (pMHC)/TCR affinity on the necessity of CD8 engagement in T cell activation of primary naive cells. Using two peptides with different measured avidities for the same pMHC-TCR complex, we compared biochemical affinity of pMHC/TCR and the cell surface binding avidity of pMHC/TCR with and without CD8 engagement. We compared early signaling events and later functional activity of naive T cells in the same manner. Although early signaling events are altered, we find that high-affinity pMHC/TCR interactions can overcome the need for CD8 engagement for proliferation and CTL function. An integrated signal overtime allows T cell activation with a high-affinity ligand in the absence of CD8 engagement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy