Interventions to increase uptake of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in minority populations: A systematic review

Breanne E. Lott, Babasola O. Okusanya, Elizabeth J. Anderson, Nidal A. Kram, Melina Rodriguez, Cynthia A. Thomson, Cecilia Rosales, John E. Ehiri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Minority youth represent a unique population for public health interventions given the social, economic, and cultural barriers they often face in accessing health services. Interventions to increase uptake of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in minority youth have the potential to reduce disparities in HPV infection and HPV-related cancers. This systematic review assesses the effectiveness of interventions to increase HPV vaccine uptake, measured as vaccine series initiation and series completion, among adolescents and young adults, aged 9–26 years old, identifying as a racial and ethnic minority or sexual and gender minority (SGM) group in high-income countries. Of the 3013 citations produced by a systematic search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science) in November 2018, nine studies involving 9749 participants were selected for inclusion. All studies were conducted in the United States and were published from 2015 to 2018. Interventions utilized education, vaccine appointment reminders, and negotiated interviewing to increase vaccination. Participants were Black or African American (44.4%), Asian (33.3%), Hispanic or Latinx (22.2%), American Indian or Alaska Native (11.1%), and SGM (22.2%). Studies enrolled parent–child dyads (33.3%), parents alone (11.1%), and youth alone (55.6%). Vaccine series initiation ranged from 11.1% to 84% and series completion ranged from 5.6% to 74.2% post-intervention. Educational and appointment reminder interventions may improve HPV vaccine series initiation and completion in minority youth in the U.S. Given the lack of high quality, adequately powered studies, further research is warranted to identify effective strategies for improving HPV vaccine uptake for minority populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101163
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer prevention
  • Health disparities
  • Intervention studies
  • Minority population
  • Papillomavirus vaccine
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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