A randomized investigation was conducted to study the effect of a structured 10-week course on the development of interviewing skills of first year medical students. The experimental group (16 students) received interviewing skills training based on the Developmental Helping Model as described by Carkhuff in 1982. The comparison group (16 students) received traditionally focused training with emphasis on gathering information about the patient's presenting problem through the use of open-ended questions. The dependent measure was interviewing skills level. Each student was videotaped with a simulated patient during the initial (pre-test) and final (post-test) sessions of the course. Tapes were rated by blinded reviewers according to Carkhuff's five point scale of Developmental Helping. No pre-test differences were found between groups. At post-test, the experimental group showed significantly higher ratings. This data suggests that teaching specific interviewing skills is more effective than non-skill oriented training for development of medical students' ability to interview patients.
- medical interview
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- History and Philosophy of Science