Various options exist for intestinal interposition for benign, but debilitating, end-stage esophageal disorders. Principally, the stomach, colon, or jejunum is used for esophageal replacement. Much debate exists regarding the ideal esophageal replacement option. The conduit choice must be tailored to the individual patient. Unlike malignant processes, the conduit choice for benign disorders must be sufficiently durable and functional. Colonic interposition meets both criteria. However, this operative procedure's technical difficulty increases the complexity of this already challenging clinical problem, as seemingly small errors in judgment and technique can significantly impact graft viability and long-term function. Using a gastric tube also provides durability and functionality, but with an operative procedure that is less technically demanding. A minimally invasive laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy offers the patient even more benefit in terms of shorter operative times and intensive care unit and recovery periods. However, the advent of surgical robotic technology augments these benefits even further. Robotic technology arms the surgeon with improved dexterity and three-dimensional visualization. These revolutionary improvements allow the surgeon to overcome many of the operative limitations that exist with the open and minimally invasive approaches to esophagectomy, thus potentially offering patients reduced morbidity and mortality rates.
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