Intra-dot relaxation and dephasing rates from time-resolved photoluminescence from InAs quantum dot ensembles

Alexej Chernikov, Swantje Horst, Stephan W Koch, Sangam Chatterjee, Wolfgang W. Rühle, Julian Sweet, Benjamin Richards, Josh Hendrickson, Galina Khitrova, Hyatt M. Gibbs, Dimitri Litvinov, Dagmar Gerthsen, Martin Wegener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An ensemble of InAs quantum dots with ground state transition energies centered at 1.216 eV and density 1011dots/cm2 has been studied by time-resolved photoluminescence (PL). The wavelength of the 100-fs excitation pulse was tuned through the ground (excited) state transitions, resulting in resonant (optical phonon sideband) PL. The decay of the PL was time resolved with a streak camera in the interval 1.5-3 ns to avoid scattered laser light. The intensity of the PL was recorded with its polarization both parallel with and perpendicular to the excitation polarization (along one of the crystal's cleave axes); the ratio is 2.22 at low temperatures and low excitation. A phenomenological rate equation analysis is made, separating the excitations into two classes, one polarized along the excitation polarization and the other unpolarized (either that way immediately after the excitation pulse or scattered from the first class). Excellent fits to the data lead to the conclusion that both classes decay radiatively with a lifetime of 1 ns, and a transfer from the polarized to the unpolarized species takes place with a distribution time of 12 ns at low temperatures and low excitation, dropping rapidly toward zero for temperatures above 30 K and for intense excitation levels. The polarization of a coherently excited ground state exciton should dephase with a rate equal to the sum of the radiative rate plus the inverse of this distribution time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1492
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Communications
Volume149
Issue number35-36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Fingerprint

Semiconductor quantum dots
Photoluminescence
quantum dots
Polarization
photoluminescence
Electron transitions
Ground state
excitation
Streak cameras
Excited states
Excitons
polarization
Temperature
Wavelength
Crystals
indium arsenide
Lasers
ground state
streak cameras
decay

Keywords

  • B. III-V semiconductors
  • C. Quantum dots (optical properties)
  • D. Time resolved luminescence
  • E. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Intra-dot relaxation and dephasing rates from time-resolved photoluminescence from InAs quantum dot ensembles. / Chernikov, Alexej; Horst, Swantje; Koch, Stephan W; Chatterjee, Sangam; Rühle, Wolfgang W.; Sweet, Julian; Richards, Benjamin; Hendrickson, Josh; Khitrova, Galina; Gibbs, Hyatt M.; Litvinov, Dimitri; Gerthsen, Dagmar; Wegener, Martin.

In: Solid State Communications, Vol. 149, No. 35-36, 09.2009, p. 1485-1492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chernikov, A, Horst, S, Koch, SW, Chatterjee, S, Rühle, WW, Sweet, J, Richards, B, Hendrickson, J, Khitrova, G, Gibbs, HM, Litvinov, D, Gerthsen, D & Wegener, M 2009, 'Intra-dot relaxation and dephasing rates from time-resolved photoluminescence from InAs quantum dot ensembles', Solid State Communications, vol. 149, no. 35-36, pp. 1485-1492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2009.04.041
Chernikov, Alexej ; Horst, Swantje ; Koch, Stephan W ; Chatterjee, Sangam ; Rühle, Wolfgang W. ; Sweet, Julian ; Richards, Benjamin ; Hendrickson, Josh ; Khitrova, Galina ; Gibbs, Hyatt M. ; Litvinov, Dimitri ; Gerthsen, Dagmar ; Wegener, Martin. / Intra-dot relaxation and dephasing rates from time-resolved photoluminescence from InAs quantum dot ensembles. In: Solid State Communications. 2009 ; Vol. 149, No. 35-36. pp. 1485-1492.
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AU - Rühle, Wolfgang W.

AU - Sweet, Julian

AU - Richards, Benjamin

AU - Hendrickson, Josh

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AB - An ensemble of InAs quantum dots with ground state transition energies centered at 1.216 eV and density 1011dots/cm2 has been studied by time-resolved photoluminescence (PL). The wavelength of the 100-fs excitation pulse was tuned through the ground (excited) state transitions, resulting in resonant (optical phonon sideband) PL. The decay of the PL was time resolved with a streak camera in the interval 1.5-3 ns to avoid scattered laser light. The intensity of the PL was recorded with its polarization both parallel with and perpendicular to the excitation polarization (along one of the crystal's cleave axes); the ratio is 2.22 at low temperatures and low excitation. A phenomenological rate equation analysis is made, separating the excitations into two classes, one polarized along the excitation polarization and the other unpolarized (either that way immediately after the excitation pulse or scattered from the first class). Excellent fits to the data lead to the conclusion that both classes decay radiatively with a lifetime of 1 ns, and a transfer from the polarized to the unpolarized species takes place with a distribution time of 12 ns at low temperatures and low excitation, dropping rapidly toward zero for temperatures above 30 K and for intense excitation levels. The polarization of a coherently excited ground state exciton should dephase with a rate equal to the sum of the radiative rate plus the inverse of this distribution time.

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