Intracranial vascular feature changes in time of flight MR angiography in patients undergoing carotid revascularization surgery

Zhensen Chen, Li Chen, Manabu Shirakawa, Wenjin Liu, Dakota Ortega, Jinmei Chen, Niranjan Balu, Theodore Trouard, Thomas S. Hatsukami, Wei Zhou, Chun Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To characterize the intracranial vascular features extracted from time of flight (TOF) images and their changes from baseline to follow-up in patients undergoing carotid revascularization, using arterial spin labeling (ASL) cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurement as a reference. Methods: In this retrospective study, brain TOF and ASL images of 99 subjects, acquired before, within 48 h, and/or 6 months after, carotid revascularization surgery were analyzed. TOF images were analyzed using a custom software (iCafe) to quantify intracranial vascular features, including total vessel length, total vessel volume, and number of branches. Mean whole-brain CBF was calculated from ASL images. ASL scans showing low ASL signal in the entire flow territory of an internal carotid artery (ICA), which may be caused by labeling failure, were excluded. Changes and correlations between time points were analyzed separately for TOF intracranial vascular features and ASL CBF. Results: Similar to ASL CBF, TOF vascular features (i.e. total vessel length, total vessel volume and number of branches) increased dramatically from baseline to post-surgery, then returned to a level slightly higher than the baseline in long-term follow-up (All P < 0.05). Correlation between time points was observed for all three TOF vascular features but not for ASL CBF. Conclusion: Intracranial vascular features, including total vessel length, total vessel volume and number of branches, extracted from TOF images are useful in detecting brain blood flow changes induced by carotid revascularization surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-50
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Carotid revascularization
  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Intracranial vasculature
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Time of flight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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