Invasion of bluetongue and other orbivirus infections into Europe: The role of biological and climatic processes

B. V. Purse, H. E. Brown, L. Harrup, P. P.C. Mertens, D. J. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

The invasion of multiple strains of the midge-borne bluetongue virus into southern Europe since the late 1990s provides a rare example of a clear impact of climate change on a vector-borne disease. However, the subsequent dramatic continent-wide spread and burden of this disease has depended largely on altered biotic interactions with vector and host communities in newly invaded areas. Transmission by Palearctic vectors has facilitated the establishment of the disease in cooler and wetter areas of both northern and southern Europe. This paper discusses the important biological and climatic processes involved in these invasions, and the lessons that must be drawn for effective risk management of bluetongue and other midge-borne viruses in Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-442
Number of pages16
JournalOIE Revue Scientifique et Technique
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Bluetongue virus
  • Climate change
  • Culicoides
  • Environmental envelope
  • Europe
  • Invasion
  • Virus-vector interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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