Inventory Accounting Method and Earnings-Price Ratios

Dan S Dhaliwal, David A. Guenther, Mark A Trombley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lee (1988) finds that LIFO firms have higher earnings-price (EP) ratios than non-LIFO firms despite the income-reducing effects of LIFO, a result contrary to economic intuition that Lee describes as a "puzzle." This paper attempts to resolve this puzzle by introducing refined measures of variables that are related to both EP ratios and inventory costing method choices. The improved proxies are analysts' expectations of future growth rather than realized growth, beta computed using a procedure designed to reduce measurement error rather than the usual OLS beta, and leverage as a supplemental risk measure. Further, we control for expected earnings changes, since transitory earnings shocks that are not expected to persist in future earnings affect the numerator of the EP ratio. After controlling for these factors, we find that EP ratios for LIFO firms are actually lower than those of non-LIFO firms, a result consistent with economic intuition and the result expected by Lee.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-436
Number of pages18
JournalContemporary Accounting Research
Volume16
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1999

Fingerprint

Price earnings ratio
LIFO
Intuition
Economics
Factors
Risk measures
Leverage
Analysts
Earnings changes
Income
Costing
Measurement error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Inventory Accounting Method and Earnings-Price Ratios. / Dhaliwal, Dan S; Guenther, David A.; Trombley, Mark A.

In: Contemporary Accounting Research, Vol. 16, No. 3, 09.1999, p. 419-436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{23b0194877524ef28d15ce782359e220,
title = "Inventory Accounting Method and Earnings-Price Ratios",
abstract = "Lee (1988) finds that LIFO firms have higher earnings-price (EP) ratios than non-LIFO firms despite the income-reducing effects of LIFO, a result contrary to economic intuition that Lee describes as a {"}puzzle.{"} This paper attempts to resolve this puzzle by introducing refined measures of variables that are related to both EP ratios and inventory costing method choices. The improved proxies are analysts' expectations of future growth rather than realized growth, beta computed using a procedure designed to reduce measurement error rather than the usual OLS beta, and leverage as a supplemental risk measure. Further, we control for expected earnings changes, since transitory earnings shocks that are not expected to persist in future earnings affect the numerator of the EP ratio. After controlling for these factors, we find that EP ratios for LIFO firms are actually lower than those of non-LIFO firms, a result consistent with economic intuition and the result expected by Lee.",
author = "Dhaliwal, {Dan S} and Guenther, {David A.} and Trombley, {Mark A}",
year = "1999",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "419--436",
journal = "Contemporary Accounting Research",
issn = "0823-9150",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inventory Accounting Method and Earnings-Price Ratios

AU - Dhaliwal, Dan S

AU - Guenther, David A.

AU - Trombley, Mark A

PY - 1999/9

Y1 - 1999/9

N2 - Lee (1988) finds that LIFO firms have higher earnings-price (EP) ratios than non-LIFO firms despite the income-reducing effects of LIFO, a result contrary to economic intuition that Lee describes as a "puzzle." This paper attempts to resolve this puzzle by introducing refined measures of variables that are related to both EP ratios and inventory costing method choices. The improved proxies are analysts' expectations of future growth rather than realized growth, beta computed using a procedure designed to reduce measurement error rather than the usual OLS beta, and leverage as a supplemental risk measure. Further, we control for expected earnings changes, since transitory earnings shocks that are not expected to persist in future earnings affect the numerator of the EP ratio. After controlling for these factors, we find that EP ratios for LIFO firms are actually lower than those of non-LIFO firms, a result consistent with economic intuition and the result expected by Lee.

AB - Lee (1988) finds that LIFO firms have higher earnings-price (EP) ratios than non-LIFO firms despite the income-reducing effects of LIFO, a result contrary to economic intuition that Lee describes as a "puzzle." This paper attempts to resolve this puzzle by introducing refined measures of variables that are related to both EP ratios and inventory costing method choices. The improved proxies are analysts' expectations of future growth rather than realized growth, beta computed using a procedure designed to reduce measurement error rather than the usual OLS beta, and leverage as a supplemental risk measure. Further, we control for expected earnings changes, since transitory earnings shocks that are not expected to persist in future earnings affect the numerator of the EP ratio. After controlling for these factors, we find that EP ratios for LIFO firms are actually lower than those of non-LIFO firms, a result consistent with economic intuition and the result expected by Lee.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0013255710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0013255710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 419

EP - 436

JO - Contemporary Accounting Research

JF - Contemporary Accounting Research

SN - 0823-9150

IS - 3

ER -