Investigating physiological and self-reported mediators of stereotype lift effects on a motor task

Aïna Chalabaev, Jeff Stone, Philippe Sarrazin, Jean Claude Croizet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Achievement gaps between social groups may result from stereotype threat effects but also from stereotype lift effects-the performance boost caused by the awareness that an outgroup is negatively stereotyped. We examined stereotype lift and threat effects in the motor domain and investigated their mediation by task involvement and self-confidence, measured by heart rate reactivity and self-reported indices. Males and females performed a balance task about which negative stereotypes about either males or females were given. No gender information was given in a control condition. Results showed no stereotype threat but a stereotype lift effect, participants performing significantly better after negative outgroup stereotypes were explicitly linked to performance on the balance task compared to the control condition. Concerning males, this effect was mediated by higher self-confidence and task involvement. The implications of these results for understanding the gender inequalities in the motor domain are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-26
Number of pages9
JournalBasic and Applied Social Psychology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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