Investigating the influence of temperature and seawater δ18O on Donax obesulus (Reeve, 1854) shell δ18O

Jacob P. Warner, Kristine L. DeLong, David Chicoine, Kaustubh Thirumalai, C. Fred T. Andrus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The coastline of Peru lacks long-lived marine organisms useful for paleoclimatic reconstructions generating a need for novel archives. Short-lived (<5 years) bivalves are commonly found in geological and archaeological deposits and thus can provide “snapshots” of past climatic variability (i.e., seasonal range), similar to data obtained by individual foraminifera analysis, rather than continuous, cross-dated time series (e.g., trees and corals). Previous studies have found success using the short-lived intertidal clam Mesodesma donacium. However, M. donacium are vulnerable to die-offs from the warmer sea surface temperatures (SST) associated with El Niño events and are functionally extinct in northern Peru thus limiting the possibility of modern analog studies for that region. Here we investigate the short-lived (1–3 years) surf clam, Donax obesulus, commonly found in northern Peru, as a paleoclimate archive. Donax obesulus populations are able to survive the warmer SSTs present during El Niño years although they are vulnerable to colder SSTs associated with La Niñas. We assessed the environmental drivers underlying subannual δ18O variability in D. obesulus from live collected shells from fish markets and coastal beaches near the Nepeña Valley, Peru in 2012 (La Niña), 2014 (ENSO-neutral), and 2016 (El Niño). Forward modeling of pseudo-shell δ18O reveals that SST variations are a dominant driver with secondary contributions from seasonally-varying seawater δ18O (δ18Osw). By accounting for varying δ18Osw, we isolated the temperature dependent variable resulting in a paleotemperature equation for D. obesulus δ18O. We verified our results with the δ18O record of a D. obesulus shell collected in 2006. Our results suggest that the paleotemperature equation we developed is useful for reconstructing El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-related climatic variations in this region and the pseudo-shell approach may be useful for understanding shell δ18O in other locations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120638
JournalChemical Geology
Volume588
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2022

Keywords

  • Bivalve Mollusk
  • ENSO
  • Oxygen Isotopes
  • Peru
  • Sclerochronology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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