Laminin 5 is a pivotal hemidesmosomal protein involved in cell stability, migration, and anchoring filament formation. Protein and gene expression of the α3, β3, and γ2 chains of laminin 5 were investigated in normal and invasive prostate carcinoma using immunohistochemistry, Northern analysis, and in situ hybridization. Laser capture microdissection of normal and carcinomatous glands, in conjunction with RNA amplification and reverse Northern analysis, were used to confirm the gene expression data. Protein and mRNA expression of all three laminin 5 chains were detected in the basal cells of normal glands. In contrast, invasive prostate carcinoma showed a loss of β3 and γ2 protein expression with variable expression of α3 chains. Despite the loss of protein expression, there was retention of β3 and γ2 mRNA expression as detected by in situ hybridization, Northern and reverse Northern analysis. Our findings imply that an altered mechanism of translation of β3 or γ2 mRNAs into functional proteins contributes to failure of anchoring filaments and hemidesmosomal formation. The resultant hemidesmosome instability or loss would suggest a less stable epithelial-stromal junction, increased invasion and migration of malignant cells, and disruption of normal integrin signaling pathways.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine