Investigation of flight dynamics and automatic controls for hovering micro air vehicles

Damien Poinsot, Caroline Bérard, Roman Krashanitsa, Sergey V Shkarayev

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work describes the development of an automatic control system and the investigation of the flight dynamics of fixed-wing micro air vehicles (MAVs) with vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capabilities. Specifically, the hovering phase of the flight was studied in detail. A state-space model was formulated and used in a control law design. The effects of propeller slip stream impinging on the airframe are discussed in the context of control design. Feedback control laws based on a proportional, integral, and derivative (PID) control design were developed and programmed into the autopilot. The development and evaluation of two VTOL MAVs with wingspans of 65 and 31 cm are presented. A number of test flights of vehicles with attitude stabilization and altitude hold were conducted with telemetry acquisition. Despite the difference in size, similarities were noted in the dynamic response for both aircraft. The actuation delays in the propulsion systems caused a systematic error in an altitude. Average amplitudes of rotational oscillations in all three axes were also about the same for both aircraft. Higher roll rates can be explained by lower inertia in roll axis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit
StatePublished - 2008
EventAIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Aug 18 2008Aug 21 2008

Other

OtherAIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period8/18/088/21/08

Fingerprint

Micro air vehicle (MAV)
Flight dynamics
Takeoff
Landing
Aircraft
Fixed wings
Airframes
Systematic errors
Telemetering
Propellers
Propulsion
Feedback control
Dynamic response
Stabilization
Derivatives
Control systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Poinsot, D., Bérard, C., Krashanitsa, R., & Shkarayev, S. V. (2008). Investigation of flight dynamics and automatic controls for hovering micro air vehicles. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit [2008-6332]

Investigation of flight dynamics and automatic controls for hovering micro air vehicles. / Poinsot, Damien; Bérard, Caroline; Krashanitsa, Roman; Shkarayev, Sergey V.

AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit. 2008. 2008-6332.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Poinsot, D, Bérard, C, Krashanitsa, R & Shkarayev, SV 2008, Investigation of flight dynamics and automatic controls for hovering micro air vehicles. in AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit., 2008-6332, AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit, Honolulu, HI, United States, 8/18/08.
Poinsot D, Bérard C, Krashanitsa R, Shkarayev SV. Investigation of flight dynamics and automatic controls for hovering micro air vehicles. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit. 2008. 2008-6332
Poinsot, Damien ; Bérard, Caroline ; Krashanitsa, Roman ; Shkarayev, Sergey V. / Investigation of flight dynamics and automatic controls for hovering micro air vehicles. AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference and Exhibit. 2008.
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