Ovarian follicle disruption in mice caused by 7,12-dimethylbenz[ a ]anthracene (DMBA) is attributed to its bioactivation by CYP1B1 to a 3,4-epoxide which is then hydrolyzed to form a 3,4-diol by microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH). Further epoxidation by CYP1A1 or 1B1 forms the ultimate ovotoxicant, DMBA-3,4-diol-1,2-epoxide. Studies suggest that the mouse ovary expresses these enzymes, and thus, may be capable of bioactivating DMBA to its ovotoxic metabolite. The present study was designed to evaluate the role of ovarian mEH in DMBA-induced ovotoxicity using a novel neonatal mouse ovarian culture system. Ovaries from postnatal day (PND) 4 B6C3F1 mice were incubated with DMBA (12.5nM-1μM) for various lengths of time. Following incubation, ovaries were histologically evaluated or assessed for mEH protein or mRNA. Following 15 days of incubation, DMBA reduced (p < 0.05) healthy follicles at concentrations ≥ 12.5nM. At 1μM DMBA, follicle loss and increased mEH protein were measured (p < 0.05) by 6 h. mRNA encoding mEH markedly increased after 2 days of incubation, and this increase preceded accelerated follicle loss at 4 days. Furthermore, follicle loss induced by DMBA was prevented when cyclohexene oxide (2mM), an mEH inhibitor, was added to DMBA incubations. These studies suggest that the PND4 mouse ovary is capable of bioactivating DMBA to its ovotoxic form, and that ovarian mEH enzyme activity is likely involved. Furthermore, these observations support the use of a novel ovarian culture system to study ovary-specific metabolism of xenobiotic chemicals.
- In vitro ovarian culture
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