Ion transport membrane technology for oxygen separation and syngas production

Paul N. Dyer, Robin E Richards, Steven L. Russek, Dale M. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

489 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ion transport membranes (ITMs) are made from ceramic materials that conduct oxygen ions at elevated temperatures. Successful application of ITM technology will allow significant improvement in the performance of several large-scale industrial processes. The ITM Oxygen process, in which ITMs are used to separate high-purity oxygen from air, has the potential for significant advantages when integrated with power generation cycles. The ITM Syngas process, by combining air separation and high-temperature syngas generation processes into a single compact ceramic membrane reactor, has the potential for substantially reducing the capital investment for gas-to-liquid (GTL) plants and for distributed hydrogen. The development efforts are major, long-term and high risk, and place severe demands on the performance and property requirements of the ITM materials. Air Products and Chemicals has joined with the U.S. Department of Energy, Ceramatec and other partners to develop, scale-up and commercialize these technologies. In addition, Air Products and Ceramatec are developing the SEOSTM Oxygen Generator, an electrically-driven, small scale, oxygen generation and removal technology using ITMs, which could have a significant impact in the global market for distributed oxygen and inert gases. This paper describes the stages of development of these three related technologies, their industrial applications, and the technical hurdles that must be overcome before successful commercialization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-33
Number of pages13
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume134
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Membrane technology
synthesis gas
Ions
Oxygen
membranes
oxygen
Membranes
ions
air
Air
ceramics
Noble Gases
Ceramic membranes
commercialization
products
Ceramic materials
Inert gases
oxygen ions
gases
Industrial applications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Ion transport membrane technology for oxygen separation and syngas production. / Dyer, Paul N.; Richards, Robin E; Russek, Steven L.; Taylor, Dale M.

In: Solid State Ionics, Vol. 134, No. 1-2, 01.10.2000, p. 21-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dyer, Paul N. ; Richards, Robin E ; Russek, Steven L. ; Taylor, Dale M. / Ion transport membrane technology for oxygen separation and syngas production. In: Solid State Ionics. 2000 ; Vol. 134, No. 1-2. pp. 21-33.
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