Is there still a role for talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) in advanced melanoma? An indirect efficacy comparison of T-VEC plus ipilimumab combination therapy versus T-VEC alone as salvage therapy in unresectable metastatic melanoma

Mohammad Fazel, Neda AlRawashdh, Ahmad Alamer, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski, Ivo Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) improves overall survival (OS) in unresectable stage IIIB/C-IV melanoma T-VEC may have synergistic effects with CTLA-4 inhibitors In the absence of a trial comparing T-VEC and ipilimumab (T-VEC + IPI) to T-VEC, we applied a novel indirect comparison method using extrapolated OS curves to estimate OS outcomes in a simulated trial comparing both regimens in stage IIIB/C-IV unresectable melanoma. Research Design and Methods: Two trials with extractable OS curves for a T-VEC versus T-VEC + IPI comparison were identified. Outcomes were adjusted for heterogeneity in prognostic factors using a calculated adjustment factor. T-VEC and adjusted/unadjusted T-VEC+IPI curves were plotted with 95% CIs. Results: Unadjusted indirect OS comparison of T-VEC versus T-VEC + IPI revealed no significant difference up to 15 months. Extrapolation beyond 15 months showed significant survival benefits for T-VEC + IPI over T-VEC, confirmed in adjusted analyses. The expected OS percentage at 48 months is 32.0% (95% CI = 26.6–37.3) for T-VEC, 60.0% (95% CI = 46.2–69.1) for unadjusted, and 81.1% (95% CI = 72.3–85.9) for adjusted T-VEC + IPI. Conclusions: Our novel indirect comparison suggests that T-VEC + IPI may demonstrate a significantly improved OS versus T-VEC alone. Findings may portend a possible role for the addition of T-VEC to advanced melanoma treatment regimens in select patients as salvage therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalExpert Opinion on Biological Therapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • advanced melanoma
  • CTLA-4 inhibitor
  • indirect comparison
  • ipilimumab
  • T-VEC
  • Talimogene laherparepvec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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